How Do Union Negotiations Work?

What are 3 areas a union considers when negotiating?

There are three main classification of bargaining topics: mandatory, permissive, and illegal.

Wages, health and safety, management rights, work conditions, and benefits fall into the mandatory categoryA collective bargaining topic, such as wages, that must be discussed in the agreement…

How can I get out of a union contract?

So, if you live in a right to work state and you wish to stop paying dues, you should notify the union and your employer in writing that you are resigning your membership and canceling your payment of dues.

How long do union negotiations take?

These issues influence the length of bargaining, with some negotiations finishing in a few weeks, while others taking months. The basic timeline for labor negotiations is provided by statute, which establishes 150 days to exchange proposals.

What are 5 union tactics?

Here are five strategy elements that I believe unions must consider in order to tackle these challenges and achieve their goals of growth and success for members.Choose your target and focus on them. … Know your industry. … Position your union. … Create a contrast to define a choice. … Discipline and perseverance.

What are the 5 stages of negotiation?

Negotiation Stages IntroductionThere are five collaborative stages of the negotiation process: Prepare, Information Exchange, Bargain, Conclude, Execute.There is no shortcut to negotiation preparation.Building trust in negotiations is key.Communication skills are critical during bargaining.

What tactics do unions use?

These unions have two primary tools at their disposal to influence management’s decisions: collective bargaining, the process where the union negotiates contracts for all worker members simultaneously; and strikes, a tactic where union members don’t report for work.

How many members does a union need?

In these cases the union can make an application for statutory recognition, as long as it has fulfilled some basic requirements: the union must have already made a formal application for recognition with the employer; the organisation must employ at least 21 workers; the union must have at least 10 per cent membership …

What are the 7 rules of negotiation?

The 7 Rules of Power NegotiationWhere do people learn to negotiate successfully? … Rule No 1 – Everything is negotiable. … Rule No 2 – Know what you want before negotiating. … Rule No 3 – Aim for a Win/Win negotiation. … Rule No. … Rule No 5 – Never believe anyone else is entirely on your side. … Rule No 6 – Strive to be innocent. … Rule 7.More items…•

What are the negotiation tactics?

Negotiation tactics are the detailed methods employed by negotiators to gain an advantage. Negotiation tactics are often deceptive and manipulative. Often, negotiators use negotiation tactics to fulfill their own goals and objectives.

How do you handle union negotiations?

Here are six steps that employers can take to ensure that the bargaining process runs as smoothly as possible.Ensure you have to negotiate. … Prepare the business case. … Remember legal entitlements of union representatives. … Understand the unions’ decision-making structure. … Try to secure an agreement.More items…•

Can an employer refuse to negotiate with a union?

However, employers must bargain with the union over issues that are central to the employment relationship, such as wages, hours, and layoff procedures. … An employer who refuses to bargain or takes unilateral action in one of these mandatory bargaining areas commits an unfair labor practice.

Can I get fired for organizing a union?

The simple answer is, no. As a matter of fact, your company can’t even legally fire you for organizing a union. … Although a company can’t say they’re firing you for union activities, it can say they’re firing you for something else. The onus is then on you to prove otherwise.

What are the three types of bargaining issues?

Bargaining issues are divided into three basic categories: mandatory, permissive and illegal subjects of bargaining. Mandatory issues of bargaining are those subjects that directly impact “wages, hours or working conditions.” These subjects have also been referred to as those that “vitally affect” employees.

What is the first step in the negotiating process?

Prepare: Negotiation preparation is easy to ignore, but it’s a vital first stage of the negotiating process. To prepare, research both sides of the discussion, identify any possible trade-offs, determine your most-desired and least-desired possible outcomes.

What is union negotiation?

Collective bargaining is the process in which working people, through their unions, negotiate contracts with their employers to determine their terms of employment, including pay, benefits, hours, leave, job health and safety policies, ways to balance work and family, and more.

How long is a union contract?

three yearsThe normal term of a contract is three years, although in recent years many contracts have moved to longer terms, four or five years, for example. The NLRA establishes the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS). Employers and unions must notify the FMCS when they approach the end of a contract term.

Why would employers not like unions?

Most companies don’t like unions because they impose additional rules that the employers has to follow. Pay being one, but also things like hours of work, vacation, and discipline are all things that unions would likely force into a collective agreement.

How can I legally bust a union?

Employees who want to vote a union out must circulate a petition calling for a decertification election. A sample petition is available below. They should not seek help from their employer, because the union can then complain that an unfair labor practice has tainted the election.